Video Signal Tolerance in Digital Television Systems

EBU R 103

Recommendation concerning permissible tolerances of video signals in digital television systems. Since version 3 includes details on the popular video ranges in use.

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Details of changes between versions are available here.

Test Chart and Cheat Sheet

Thomas Berglund (NRK) has kindly provided this DCTL and a Quicktime rendering created with it, as well as a tutorial video.

He also has created this Digital Video Levels Explainer, which shows examples of level matches and mismatches in post and live production.


The following translation of this document is available. Please note the translations may not be based on the latest version; see the year mentioned in brackets. These translations are courtesy of the translaters and hosted by the EBU 'as is'. The official and definitive version is the EBU English version.

Russian version of EBU R 103 [2000] - Special thanks to EBU Member RTR.

All versions of this publication

Version   Date   Short description
3.0   2020, May   HDR update with video signal range details
2.0   2016, June   Digital ranges explicit, Y and R,G,B, treated equally
1.1   2000, Dec     Revised version for analogue operations
1.0   2000   First version