Camera Tests

How to test & classify cameras and links to camera test reports

Camera Measurements

To help maintain acceptable levels of quality in European (U)HDTV programme making, the EBU has specified a series of measurements that will reveal a camera's ability to produce high quality television pictures.

The measurements and advice on how they may best be performed are published in EBU Tech 3335. This document augments previous EBU publications concerning camera quality measurements.

Knowing the performance of your (U)HD cameras is one thing, but understanding how this performance relates to a camera's suitability for a given programme genre is quite another. This is where tiering comes in.

Camera Test Reports

We host an extenstive collection of Camera Tests that have been performed by the BBC and Alan Roberts:

- The most recent Camera Test Reports (the tests were performed by Alan Roberts, using EBU Tech 3335)

- Legacy Camera Test Reports (BBC WHP series, based on the same assessment methodology as EBU Tech 3335)

EBU Video Systems

Maintenance of the specs referred above and other work related to Camera systems, UHD, monitors, etc. is performed in the EBU Strategic Programme on Video Systems. You are welcome to join the EBU Video Systems group with questions, proposals and other input here.

Camera Tiering

EBU Recommendation EBU R 118 uses the published technical specifications and measured performances (according to EBU Tech 3335) of cameras to categorize them into a set of levels, or tiers.

Once a camera has been allocated to a tier, its suitability for a production may quickly be determined, which will simplify production budgeting and facilities procurement.

Technically, the criteria used to identify which tier a camera falls into concern its:

  - Resolution

  - Sensitivity

  - Noise

  - Aliasing

  - Exposure Range

  - Codec used (see EBU R 132)

A suite of programs, written for colorimetric analysis of single frames extracted from digitally captured video sequences. The programs are all written in BBC BASIC for Windows, and the routines have been kept as simple as possible.