Guidelines for Radio production and distribution in accordance with EBU R 128


This document provides guidelines for adopting loudness normalisation and level control in Radio Production and Distribution workflows.

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It is linked to R 128 Supplement 3 (‘Loudness in Radio’) and joins the EBU's comprehensive suite of loudness publications. Based on EBU Tech 3343 and Tech 3344 and drawing on the practical experience of EBU Members, this set of guidelines is essential reading for anyone connected with Radio broadcasting in any way.


Key Words: Loudness, normalisation, Radio production & distribution, metering, FM Radio, Internet streaming, Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB), Media Player.

All versions of this publication

Version   Date   Short description
2.0   2023, November   Document History, Acknowledgement and footnote added. Some style changes made. Content is otherwise untouched.
1.0   2021, June   First version